Zabbix 2.2.x, 3.0.x SQL Injection/RCE 0day Vulnerability

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Title: Zabbix 3.0.3 SQL Injection Vulnerability
Product: Zabbix
Vulnerable Version(s): 2.2.x, 3.0.x
Fixed Version: 3.0.4
Homepage: http://www.zabbix.com
Patch link: https://support.zabbix.com/browse/ZBX-11023
Credit: [email protected]
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Vendor Description:
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Zabbix is an open source availability and performance monitoring solution.
 
 
Vulnerability Overview:
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Zabbix 2.2.x, 3.0.x and trunk suffers from a remote SQL injection vulnerability due to a failure to sanitize input in 
the toggle_ids array in the latest.php page.
 
 
Business Impact:
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By exploiting this SQL injection vulnerability, an authenticated attacker (or guest user) is able to gain full access 
to the database. This would allow an attacker to escalate their privileges to a power user, compromise the database, 
or execute commands on the underlying database operating system.
 
Because of the functionalities Zabbix offers, an attacker with admin privileges (depending on the configuration) can 
execute arbitrary OS commands on the configured Zabbix hosts and server. This results in a severe impact to the 
monitored infrastructure.
 
Although the attacker needs to be authenticated in general, the system could also be at risk if the adversary has no 
user account. Zabbix offers a guest mode which provides a low privileged default account for users without password. 
If this guest mode is enabled, the SQL injection vulnerability can be exploited unauthenticated.
 
 
Proof of Concept:
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latest.php?output=ajax&sid=&favobj=toggle&toggle_open_state=1&toggle_ids[]=15385); select * from users where (1=1
 
Result:
SQL (0.000361): INSERT INTO profiles (profileid, userid, idx, value_int, type, idx2) VALUES (88, 1, 
'web.latest.toggle', '1', 2, 15385); select * from users where (1=1)
latest.php:746 → require_once() → CProfile::flush() → CProfile::insertDB() → DBexecute() in /home/sasha/zabbix-
svn/branches/2.2/frontends/php/include/profiles.inc.php:185
 
 
Disclosure Timeline:
=====================
 
7/18/2016 - Reported vulnerability to Zabbix
7/21/2016 - Zabbix responded with permission to file CVE and to disclose after a patch is made public
7/22/2016 - Zabbix released patch for vulnerability
8/3/2016 - CVE details submitted
8/11/2016 - Vulnerability details disclosed

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